HVAC System Terms to Know Before You Buy

September 19, 2022
HVAC terms to know before you buy

If you are gearing up to have a central air conditioning unit installed in your home or a new heating system, you will want to be well-versed in the heating and cooling terminology that normally confuses most people. Read on to learn about some of the most common terms used when it comes to heating and cooling so that you will be up to date on what you need to know before you purchase a unit.

Common Terms in Heating and Cooling

The first thing you need to learn is what HVAC stands for, which is heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. HVAC systems are very complex and are designed to provide a home with all of its heating and cooling needs. When you research the different options, you will find that there is a lot of technical terminology that you may not know, as well as different types of units with different types of energy ratings.

Three Types of Commercial and Residential HVAC Systems

A ductless mini-split system is a unit that does not need a duct system to provide your house with heat or air conditioning. This type of system is available in individual units that are installed in each room of the home. This is nice if the home is a duplex or apartment building or if each individual who lives in the home wants a different temperature setting in various rooms.

A packaged system is an HVAC unit that is an all-in-one system that will provide your home with heating, cooling, and ventilation for the whole house.

A split system is the most common of all the HVAC systems since there is one unit for heating and a different unit for cooling. The heating unit is usually located inside the home in a crawl space or basement, while the cooling system is usually located outside of the home.

Each of these systems has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it really comes down to personal preference when you are deciding which one you want for your home or business.

 Heating and Cooling Terms

Air Conditioner: An air conditioner is a cooling system that pulls heat from the outside of your house and then forces it indoors through a system that cools the air to regulate the humidity level and temperature of the inside of the home or building.

Air Ducts: Air ducts are tubing or pipes that are used to distribute heat or air conditioning throughout the building or house, depending on the temperature settings that you can control. Air ducts are usually located in the floors, walls, ceilings, or attics of a home or building.

Ductwork: Ductwork is the entire system of air ducts as well as dampers that are located throughout a building or home.

Dampers: A damper is a component that is used to regulate the amount of airflow throughout your home we’re building. They are usually located in the floors or ceilings of your house and can be manual or motorized.

Condenser Coil: There are condenser coils that are located with your air conditioning unit or heat pump outside and work with an external fan that will blow air from the outside into the air conditioning unit so it can be cooled before entering the home or building.

Evaporator Coil: An evaporator coil is located inside your furnace or air conditioning unit to cool the indoor air before it is pushed through the ductwork system and enters your house or building.

Contact Us

While knowing and understanding the different terms when it comes to HVAC is important for customers, it is even more important to hire professional HVAC specialists to install your unit from a company you can trust. The HVAC experts at Blue Label Services will explain the process to you in a very thorough manner and will answer any questions you may have. Call Blue Label Services today for an appointment.

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